Monday, August 28, 2017

How to Maintain a Proper Hygiene in Summer

Scary infections are commonly associated with intolerable summer heat. High temperatures contribute to the rapid deterioration of otherwise sensitive foods, and poor hygienic conditions favor the easier entry of bacteria, viruses, as well as parasites and toxins. They are transmitted by a faecal-oral route, usually by drinking contaminated food or water, but also by direct contact with another diseased person. Both children and adults are equally susceptible to them. 

Infections usually occur when eating unwanted fruits and vegetables or drinking contaminated water. It will have the same effect if contaminated water is used for ice making, tooth brushing or in the pool. Dirty hands can also be the source of these infections.

Viral infections

Rotaviruses and noroviruses are the main causes of viral infections (gastroenteritis). They damage the mucous membrane in the intestine, leading to a disruption of absorption of water and electrolytes, resulting in diarrhea. After a short incubation, the disease flows in the form of abdominal flu, with elevated temperature, muscle pain, nausea, vomiting, cramps in the abdomen and, of course, diarrhea. Symptoms last two to three days and spontaneously stop. For older people with chronic illness and impaired immunity, these symptoms may take up to ten days.
The treatment of viral infection is based on the compensation of lost fluid. During the day, you should drink plain water or black tea, repeatedly, in small quantities. For this purpose, special rehydration solutions can be used to contain the appropriate ratio of the necessary ingredients – minerals, sugar and water. In case of greater fluid loss, it is necessary to use another form of rehydration, which involves infusion solutions by intravenous route.
Doctors advise to use lighter food in more frequent meals during the summer period. If possible, eat a lot of vegetables and fruit every day that are well washed, as well as grain products, or black integral flour. Chicken and fish meat can also be eaten. In addition to water, sweet and sour milk, yogurt, herbal and fruit teas, non – mineral water.
The occurrence of viral infections can be prevented by maintaining personal hygiene, which involves regular washing of hands and the use of safe drinking water. Only bottled water should be used while traveling. Food must be thermally well treated, and surfaces must be disinfected. Also, avoid contact with people who have an infection.

Bacterial infections

Bacterial diseases of the digestive organs include intestinal infections and intoxication, or food poisoning. Poisoning is caused by bacteria staphilococcus aureus. It produces a thermostable toxin that is most commonly found in dairy or meat products. For several hours after getting contaminated food there is vomiting and diarrhea. Fortunately, the problem lasts briefly and passes spontaneously.
These types of infections can lead to attracting much more dangerous bacteria (salmonella, shigella and escherichia coli) that enter the body by thermally unprocessed foods, most often eggs, minced meat and dairy products. Drinking water contaminated with bacteria can also cause infection.

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